Alice Merrill Horne: Championing the Arts
Alice Merrill Horne served in the Utah House of Representatives and was the second woman to serve in that legislative body.
Alice devoted her life to ennobling art in everyday life in Utah.
During her years of motherhood, Alice always kept one hand in the arts, if not two. In 1893 she represented Utah on the Liberal Arts Committee at the Chicago World’s Fair.
From 1894 to 1896, while her husband, George, served an LDS mission in the Southern States Mission, Alice returned to teaching at Washington School and took classes in art. It was during this time that she directly challenged the prescribed art program in the Salt Lake City School District. Twenty-six-year-old Alice used her well-placed connections in Salt Lake City to convince a member of the state board of education to replace the district’s worn-out art training with a course in drawing by J. Leo Fairbanks, a Utah impressionist trained in Paris.
By the time George returned from his mission, Alice had launched a political career.
In 1898 Alice announced that she would run for the Utah House of Representatives as a Democrat in Salt Lake’s Eighth District. She was elected by a thousand-vote margin and served one term—the second woman to serve in that legislative body. Her main objective as a legislator was to “establish a state agency that would hold an annual art exhibition and make annual purchases of paintings to begin a permanent collection of art” in the state.
When it came time for re-election in 1900, Alice chose not to run. She never again held an elective office in the state, but she kept herself in the public arena. Of her many contributions, none has had a bigger impact than her contributions to Utah art.
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Amy Brown Lyman: Advocating for Women
After serving as Relief Society general president, Amy Brown Lyman was nominated for a seat in the Utah State Legislature.
For many years, marriage for Amy was the opposite of what she had once feared it would be. Richard, her husband, encouraged her to take advantage of opportunities to hone her talents; as one example, in 1901, when Richard enrolled at the University of Chicago, he supported Amy’s desire to follow suit by enrolling in a course on the new science of sociology. While completing her coursework, she concluded that organized relief should replace indiscriminate giving and that “old fashioned charity” should be “replaced by modern welfare which calls for getting to the very roots of the trouble.” These simple truths became her hallmark for the next sixty years.
In October 1909, when Amy was invited to become a member of the Relief Society general board, she had many opportunities to speak about these truths. Those opportunities increased as she served on the Relief Society general board for the next three decades, eventually becoming the Relief Society general president. Her position gave her many opportunities to speak about giving greater and more meaningful service.
As her circle of influence increased, Amy became a delegate to the National Conference of Social Work and the National Council of Women. Believing that there was yet more for her to do, in 1922 she was nominated for a seat in the Utah State Legislature. As a legislator, she worked to secure federal aid to state agencies for maternity, child health, and welfare programs. Some claimed that “infancy and maternal mortality rates in the state decreased markedly” as a direct result of her efforts. When opponents argued that women belonged in the home and were not suited for a role in government, Amy countered that the virtues traditionally ascribed to women because of their experience as mothers and homemakers “endowed them with a special knowledge of human needs and humanistic rights.”
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Ivy Baker Priest: Garnering Support
Ivy Baker Priest was appointed as the U.S. Treasurer by Dwight D. Eisenhower and was the second woman to serve in that position.
The oldest daughter of Orange Decatur Baker and Clara Fearnley, Ivy Maude Baker was born September 7, 1905, in Kimberly, Piute County, Utah. Ivy’s father was a miner who frequently moved the family; due to a series of mishaps and injuries, he was often unemployed. To pay the bills, Ivy’s mother opened a boarding house for miners. The mess their muddy shoes left on the floor led in a roundabout way to Ivy’s lifelong political career.
Ivy’s mother decided that wooden sidewalks would solve her problem; she found a sympathetic mayoral candidate who agreed with her. When the candidate won, Ivy “felt as elated as a kingmaker” and determined to enter politics and make a difference in the world.
Ivy entered the political realm, serving as chairwoman of the Young Republicans for eleven western states and as Utah’s Republican National Committee chair. She ran on the Republican ticket for Congress in 1950 and lost. It was not until 1952 that her political world changed for the better when she met Dwight D. Eisenhower. “I felt as if I’d known him all my life, and a sense of confidence and optimism swept through me,” she said.
When Eisenhower ran for president in 1952, Ivy was the assistant chairwoman of the Republican National Committee in charge of women’s interests. She was credited with increasing the Republican women’s vote by 40 percent in 1952. Eisenhower garnered 52 percent of the women’s vote, much to the credit of Ivy.
In appreciation and recognition of her talents, President Eisenhower appointed Ivy treasurer of the United States—only the second woman to hold the position. She served for two terms, 1953 to 1961. Despite a hectic schedule, she wrote her own speeches, emphasizing the importance of a sound dollar and the need to reduce taxes.
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Olene Walker: Making Her Presence Felt
Olene Walker was the first female governor of Utah and the oldest governor in the United States.
In 2003, Olene S. Walker was installed as the first female governor of Utah—and at age seventy-two, this mother of seven and grandmother of twenty-five was the oldest governor in the United States. “I don’t know when you start feeling old,” Olene said. “But I’m certainly not there yet.” In her administration of government affairs, she proved her vitality on a daily basis.
Olene wanted to pursue her career, so she started to work when her youngest child was in preschool. Olene then launched a political career as a moderate Republican. From 1980 to 1989 Olene served in the Utah House of Representatives. She was elected to serve as the first female lieutenant governor of Utah, a position she held for ten and a half years.
Olene was appointed the fifteenth governor of Utah and sworn into office on November 8, 2003, when Utah Governor Michael O. Leavitt stepped. “I felt a great weight on my shoulders, being the first female governor. I didn’t want to just be a caretaker,” she said. “I wanted to make my presence felt.”
To her colleagues on Utah’s Capitol Hill, Olene did just that. Her administration was “full of surprises.” She worked very well with all Congressional members. She dined with President George W. Bush and swapped one-liners with Arnold Schwarzenegger. She clashed with conservative Republicans and fought against storing nuclear waste in Utah. But key to her administration was better education of children. She said, “Good education demands not only adequate public funding, but personal investment of time.”
She said, “Through my years of involvement in the private sector, in the public sector and with my family, I have found that money, fame, and power do not bring happiness. In the long run it is how we live our lives on a daily basis, how we treat other individuals, the routine decisions that establish who we are and what our reputation is.”