The title/description "sons of Belial" (1 Sam. 2:12) assigned to Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, indicates their wickedness and worthlessness (see footnote b for 1 Sam. 1:16). The capitalization of this name by the King James translators possibly indicates it is a name rather than simply a description. Paul actually does use it as a name for Satan (see 2 Cor. 6:15). This speaks to Eli's son's real intent in serving at the Tabernacle—to further the work of the adversary and their own selfish interests. We recall Cain's hypocrisy in offering a sacrifice to the Lord ironically and inappropriately at his master Satan's bidding (cf. Moses 5:17-21).
Four Sins of the Sons of Eli We can identify four significant sins from the record that illuminate not only Eli's son's rebellion against the Lord, but also tendencies common to all natural men.