OT Testament Lesson 33 notes: Jonah

Gospel Doctrine
Lesson: Jonah
Reading: Jonah, Micah 2,4-7

1 Approach

These represent the notes I made during my reading of the scriptural text for this lesson. It is not a lesson outline or a lesson plan but really notes about issues and questions that struck me as interesting during my reading. Consequently, the notes do not have a conclusion and very little mention of application. I like to let those things arise while I teach.

2 Background

2.1 Nineveh

Jonah is commanded by the Lord to go to Nineveh. The city of Niveveh was the capital of Assyria during the 7th century BCE.1 Assyria conquered Samaria (the Northern Kingdom of Israel) in 722 BCE. The city of Nineveh was later destroyed by the Babylonians and their allies in 612 BCE.2

2.2 Who was Jonah?

Well, the name and father’s name are identical to a prophet mentioned in 2 Kings 14:25. Jonah of Kings was a prophet in the Northern Kingdom during the reign of Jeroboam II (786-764 BCE3).

3 Tools of the Author

I think the book of Jonah is wonderful to read. I find it both moving and refreshing. I think it provides a nice theological balance to other parts of Old Testament, and emphasizes themes that are very important in the New Testament.

Despite its size, Jonah strikes me as a complex book. The book easily allows the reader to reflect on many important ideas, concepts, and themes. What themes stuck out to when you read the book of Jonah?

1. God’s Grace and mercy

2. The importance of forgiveness

3. The power of repentance

4. The constrained understanding of humans relative to God

5. Others?

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