Psychologist outlines the 3 steps of addiction

Addiction is a disease that affects the body, mind and spirit, and any recovery attempt must address those three aspects of a person, Dr. Rick D. Hawks said in a Wednesday session of BYU Campus Education Week.

Hawks, a psychologist who deals with a variety of mental-health concerns, said addiction -- either to substances like drugs or alcohol, or to pornography -- have similar effects on the brain. And any meaningful recovery requires more than abstinence.

"Abstinence is not recovery. It means that the body is not doing the drug anymore, but you will miss the whole boat. You will have relapses," he said. "The mind and the spirit are addicted, too. You need to work on that."

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