The majority of Dutch students refused to sign such a document. For young men between 18 and 30 years of age, there were two alternatives: to leave home, change names, use a fake I.D. card, and go “underground” somewhere in the country
Jacob de Jager was finishing high school in 1942 when Nazi forces occupied his home country, Holland. A rule was established that students could register for classes in Dutch universities only if they signed a “declaration of loyalty” to the occupying forces.
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