Editor’s note: This article originally ran on LDS Living on June 4, 2020. On June 1, 2020, Sheryl Ellsworth and Emily McCormick appeared on KSL’s Studio 5. Their topic? Five things that mothers of children of color want you to know. You can watch their segment here and then read below to learn more as the mothers expand on the thoughts they expressed on the show.
“But race is the child of racism, not the father. And the process of naming 'the people' has never been a matter of genealogy and physiognomy so much as one of hierarchy. Difference in hue and hair is old. But the belief in the preeminence of hue and hair, the notion that these factors can correctly organize a society and that they signify deeper attributes, which are indelible—this is the new idea.” –Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates
In the wake of people of color being killed and what were intended to be peaceful protests sometimes turning violent, we came together as mothers of children of color to think about what we have learned from being in our position—and what five things we would hope others could learn about race and racism.
Be aware, not afraid
Let's start with an experience Sheryl had recently:
“As a new mother, I remember going to a boutique to pick up something for our baby boy. The store wasn’t large, and I kept passing the same family. When I walked by, the daughter, who was no more than 3 years old, looked surprised and said, ‘Oh, scary!’ I hadn’t realized she was talking about me until she said it again. On my third pass, she repeated, ‘Oh, scary,’ and I decided to talk to her father, who had been oblivious. I approached him nicely. ‘Hi sir, I just want to let you know every time I’ve walked by your family, your child has called me ‘scary.’ And I just want you to know that I’m not a scary person. I’m just a mom trying to shop for her new baby.’ I felt immediate relief for having said the words. The father, confused, looked at his daughter, thanked me for telling him, and walked away.
“A few minutes later, the father, probably a little embarrassed, found me and asked if he could introduce his daughter to me. It was a simple thing—we briefly looked in each other’s eyes, shared our names, and said hello. But that short encounter had a big impact. It was a learning moment for all of us. The father had been surprised by his child’s reaction to seeing a person of color. But as much as I couldn’t stay silent about sharing what had happened with him, he ensured that this teaching moment did not go by. He took that potentially awkward or embarrassing moment to teach his child that people might look different from her, but people are people.”
That is one illustration of the fear or embarrassment around talking about race. This fear can be driven by a lot of things: What is the correct terminology? We are all children of God, so race doesn’t matter, right? Does talking about race make racism worse? If race is a social construct, why are we talking about it at all? What if I unknowingly offend someone? In the year 2020, why is race still an issue? What if someone doesn’t agree with me? If I have a child of color, will they be treated differently by peers or authority figures?
The fear is real. But we need to work on replacing fear with awareness and help children do the same. Here are a few things you need to remember that will help you navigate past your fears:
- If you’re worried about what terms to use when talking about race—African American versus Black versus brown, etc.—it’s okay to ask. (Right now, “Black” is an appropriate term for the whole diaspora of people of African descent.)
- Sometimes there is concern about sharing an opinion because it seems uncomfortable or too serious—remember not everyone will agree with you. It’s OK.
- Often, we want to be colorblind—a well-intended idea to “not see race or color.” The truth is that we do see the physical makeup of others, and avoiding the topic of race and teaching the “colorblind” rhetoric can reinforce racial prejudice in children. From a very young age, children assign rules to explain what they see—who lives where, who the heroes and villains in books and movies are, and who holds certain job positions. Avoiding the discussion of race can reinforce the biases children have formed in their minds. It is never too early to start talking about race.
- If you experienced fear in the wake of protests, try to replace it with the awareness that protests happen daily in the United States because they can be effective in making legislative or community change. Violence is scary, and although it sometimes occurs at a small scale during protests, media sources tend to focus on the violence, which only causes more fear.
- To discuss race without fear, it’s helpful to learn the role race played in the history of our country and how we got to where we are today.
- Lastly, remember that we all have a role in the conversation of race because directly or indirectly, it affects all of us.
Don't apologize, be an ally
To be an ally is to be “willing to bear one another’s burdens . . . to mourn with those that mourn; yea, and comfort those that stand in need of comfort” (Mosiah 18:8–9). An ally will empathize with the experiences of others, seeking to build relationships based on trust.
Sometimes feeling sympathy or a desire to help can lead people to apologize for the past. But if you want to be an effective ally, don’t apologize for what happened in the past that was out of your control. Doing so can undermine the suffering of people of color by shifting the focus from their feelings to yours. This increases their emotional burden by essentially asking them to make you feel better.
Instead, actively seek to be an ally by standing with that person. Let them know you support them, are thinking of them, and want to listen and learn about strengthening race relations. Most importantly, take an active role in speaking out against racism.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said, “We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people, but for the appalling silence of the good people.” Masses of good people are taking this sentiment very seriously right now, recognizing that not doing anything to stop racism can add to the problem.
“Speaking up” does not have to be a superhuman effort. Small acts go a long way to stop racism. Remember we each have a unique voice, an individual view of the world, and distinct talents. Use those. They are our best tools. Here are some pointers on speaking up about racism:
- Speak up about racism in the way that feels comfortable and true to yourself.
- Do what you know how to do. You don’t have to do it all. Just do your part.
- Consider hosting a book club on a recommended book or podcast that addresses race issues.
- Bring up racism at the dinner table. Help your family interpret the events going on around them and different perspectives on those events. This will help you interpret events for yourself.
- Post a message of support on social media. Doing so encourages others to do the same and sparks a new and important conversation.
- Host a dinner club to specifically talk about racism in your community or invite a speaker from a local organization to come.
- Choose to consume media with a person of color as the protagonist.
- Read, listen, or learn about race, privilege, and racism (see our list under “Learn to be anti-racist”).
- If you’re not sure how to say what you feel—look to others who have captured the way you feel, and use their words and give them credit.
- Donate to an organization that is working to eradicate racism or race-based discrimination.
- Commit to not “just letting it go” when someone makes a racist comment.
- Be prepared with one go-to sentence if someone says something racist so you’re not caught off-guard.
- Try not to be offended when talking about race.
- Finally, do NOT be discouraged when people don’t agree with you. It’s okay. Not everyone will agree with you, but your voice is absolutely needed.
Expose yourself or your family to others who look different from you
Children learn about differences in others as a result of experiences, and not just through conversations.
The choices parents make about how to help their kids when they meet people of different races, ethnicities, nationalities, and cultural backgrounds influence how children approach and interact with peers, teachers, coaches, and neighbors. As mothers of black children, we realize overt racist interactions with law enforcement is a possibility for them—but, more likely, our children may be singled out about the color of their skin during a social interaction, like a play date.
For people of color growing up in homogeneous white communities where children have not had much exposure to other races, comments can be made like, “Why is your skin dirty or the color of poop or chocolate milk?” Or “I want your skin to be white like mine.” Or “ewww” when they touch their skin. Or, for older kids, “Since we are friends, can I get a pass and use the N-word?” This language is hurtful and lowers the self-esteem of children of color.
If this does happen, don’t pretend it didn’t or brush it aside. Help interpret that moment for the children by explaining we all have different concentrations of melanin in our skin. We are all also different heights, but we have feet and legs and arms, etc. (“The Talking about Race with Young Children” podcast by NPR Life Kit and Sesame Street Workshop is a great resource for this.)
And, if you don’t have friends or acquaintances who look different from you, books, movies, podcasts, music, and attending festivals all offer ways to expose your family to families different from yours.
Learn to be anti-racist
“Anti-racist” means to be actively against racism—putting effort into stopping racism. We've compiled a list of vetted resources that will help you learn to be anti-racist.
For a more extensive list compiled by Sarah Sophie Flicker and Alyssa Klein, click here.