Why the Name of the Church Changed Over Time

“What church do you belong to?”

“The Catholic church.”

“The Protestant church.”

“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.”

Compared to churches worldwide, the official name of the Mormon church can seem like a mouthful, but every part of this name came through revelation.

When the Church was organized in 1830, it was organized under the simple name “The Church of Christ.” This was in line with ancient references in the Book of Mormon: “And they were called the church of God, or the church of Christ, from that time forward. And it came to pass that whosoever was baptized by the power and authority of God was added to his church” (Mosiah 18:17). Likewise, “And they who were baptized in the name of Jesus were called the church of Christ” (3 Nephi 26:21).

Doctrine and Covenants section 20 uses similar phrasing: “No one can be received into the church of Christ unless he has arrived unto the years of accountability before God, and is capable of repentance.”

Between 1830 and 1838, however, many names were assigned to the new church, from “The Church of the Latter Day Saints” to “The Church of Jesus Christ” to “The Church of God.”

It wasn’t until 1838 that a revelation put to rest the varying opinions and appellations. The Lord revealed in Doctrine and Covenants section 115 what the Church should be called going forward: “For thus shall my church be called in the last days, even The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints” (emphasis added).

The Importance of Names in the Church

I’ve been fascinated recently with the significance of names in the Church. Names are an important part of Jesus Christ’s gospel and have been since ancient times. They set people and objects apart from each other, giving them a unique value and identity.

Let’s think back to the first time human beings were placed on the earth. What was the first thing God did? He gave Adam his new name, and then He gave Adam the authority and tasks to give names to all the animals and living creatures on the earth. When Eve was created, one of the first things Adam did was to give her a name: “This I know now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of man” (Moses 3: 23). And then after being cast out of the Garden of Eden, he gives her another name: “And Adam called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living; for thus have I, the Lord God, called the first of all women, which are many” (Moses 4: 26).

We give names in baby blessings, state full names in priesthood blessings, and sign our names on our temple recommends. Names are symbolic in the temple and our given names become our primary identity.

The Name of Christ

But there is one name that I have found recently that comes up more than any other: the name of Christ. I’ve started paying more attention to how many times we are told to or reminded that we have taken upon us the name of Christ. The sacrament prayers talk about this, our baptismal covenants remind us of this, and the temple is overflowing with beautiful covenants that require us to take upon ourselves the name of our Savior, Jesus Christ. It only makes sense that His church would be labeled with that sacred name as well. Consider the following scripture from 3 Nephi 27:

“And how be it my church save it be called in my name? For if a church be called in Moses’ name then it be Moses’ church; or if it be called in the name of a man then it be the church of a man; but if it be called in my name then it is my church, if it so be that they are built upon my gospel.”

Moses 5:8 further tells us, “Wherefore, thou shalt do all that thou doest in the name of the Son, and thou shalt repent and call upon God in the name of the Son forevermore.”

Whether we are praying, repenting, covenanting, wearing a missionary badge, or just living as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Christ is the key to all things. He is our advocate with Heavenly Father when we repent. We pray in His name, we represent who He was and is when we wear His name on a missionary badge, and we agree to honor and appropriately use His name every time we make or renew a temple and baptismal covenant. Literally everything we have or do is because of Christ. What a beautiful way to help us stay humble and recognize our dependence on Him.

The name of the Church was given by and represents the name of Christ. And if we claim that title, we have a lot of work ahead of us to live up to it, represent it well, and report our actions. I imagine one day I will be greeted by my Savior. How will I answer Him when He says, “I gave you special care over my name. I gave you permission to use it for good and act in my name as a tool in my hands to help others come back to us and find happiness. What did you do with it?” I want to be able to report that I used it with reverence and respect and never inappropriately. And that starts with how I view myself as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, because “For by this name [Jesus Christ] shall ye be called at the last day” (3 Nephi 27:5).

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