As we prepare for general conference in a few days, we look forward to another solemn assembly and an opportunity to sustain our new prophet, President Russell M. Nelson. Learn what a solemn assembly is and why we hold them.
For those who stopped by for a quick overview of what a solemn assembly is and how it works, check out the four questions and answers below. For a more in-depth explanation and history, go to the second page!
1. What is a solemn assembly?
Mormon Newsroom defines a solemn assembly as “a sacred meeting held by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, most often at a general conference after a new Church president begins his service. In these meetings, Latter-day Saints around the world gather to show support for the new Church president and others included in the Church’s worldwide governing body including general membership from age 8 and older.”
In this weekend’s solemn assembly to sustain President Russell M. Nelson as the prophet, we will each have the opportunity to raise our hand with other Saints as a promise to support him. President Hinckley explained in 1995 that a solemn assembly is “a gathering of the membership where every individual stands equal with every other in exercising with soberness and in solemnity his or her right to sustain or not to sustain those who, under the procedures that arise out of the revelations, have been chosen to lead.”
Solemn assemblies are held under the direction of the First Presidency.
Note: A temple dedication also includes a solemn assembly, marked as a special occasion by the Hosanna Shout and the wording found in the temple’s dedicatory prayer. See more on the next page.
2. Where can solemn assemblies be held and who can participate?
Though we most often associate them with the Salt Lake Tabernacle or the Conference Center, solemn assemblies can be held in temples, stake centers, or other places. In the solemn assembly that will be held in the Conference Center this weekend, members around the world will be invited to participate. As it was explained by President Gordon B. Hinckley in 1986,
“Many are seated in their homes, listening to the conference. All of you, wherever you may be, are invited to participate in this solemn and sacred undertaking when we sustain a new President of the Church together with other officers. . . Wherever you are, you are invited to stand when requested and express by your uplifted hands whether you choose to sustain those whose names will be put before you.”
3. Why do we hold solemn assemblies to sustain a new prophet?
Elder David B. Haight explained that “solemn assemblies are used for three purposes: the dedication of temples, special instruction to priesthood leaders, and sustaining a new President of the Church.”
They are a way for members to practice the law of common consent, as explained byMormon Newsroom:
“These meetings are held, in part, to follow the teaching that ‘all things shall be done by common consent in the church, by much prayer and faith’ (Doctrine and Covenants 26:2). Common consent in the Church is an agreement among the members and leaders of a congregation, local or worldwide, regarding proposed assignments given to people within that congregation. Individuals choose to accept an assignment, and fellow members then have the chance to show support for that decision.”
We know, however, that solemn assemblies are not the only place that we raise our hand to sustain the prophet and apostles. We also do so in ward, stake, and area conferences. Former Church Historian and Recorder Elder Marlin K. Jensen explains the purpose of these additional opportunities, and why the solemn assembly vote is so significant: “As members regularly sustain the leadership of the Church, they will have an opportunity to renew the commitments they made in this solemn assembly.” In other words, similar to the way that the sacrament is a renewal of our baptismal covenant, the sustaining we participate in during local church meetings remind us of the sustaining we did during the solemn assembly—the promise we made to support our Church leaders.
President Hinckley felt this was very important, and reminded us that “the procedure of sustaining is much more than a ritualistic raising of the hand. It is a commitment to uphold, to support, to assist those who have been selected.”
4. How does a solemn assembly to sustain a new prophet work?
If you’re not sure how you will be asked to participate in the solemn assembly and sustaining, have no fear! Elder David B. Haight gave perhaps the best summary of what happens in his 1994 talk:
“There is a pattern to solemn assemblies that distinguishes them from other general Church meetings where we sustain officers of the Church. That pattern, which was established by the Prophet Joseph Smith, is that the priesthood quorums, commencing with the First Presidency, stand and manifest by the uplifted right hand their willingness to sustain the President of the Church as a prophet, seer, and revelator, and uphold him by their confidence, faith, and prayers. The priesthood quorums of the Church so manifest by their vote. Then the general body of all the Saints stand and signify their willingness to do the same. The other leaders of the Church are similarly sustained in their offices and callings.”
Twenty years earlier, in 1974, Elder N. Eldon Tanner shared an additional reminder about the sustaining vote,
“Everyone is perfectly free to vote as he wishes. There is no compulsion whatsoever in this voting. . . After all the quorums have so voted, a vote will then be called of the whole congregation, those bearing the priesthood and those not bearing it. All will arise. Those voting to sustain will raise their right arms to the square, to witness that they sustain the officers for whom they vote. After they lower their hands the opposing vote will be called for and will be manifested by raising the right arm to the square.”
Because of the unique process of solemn assemblies, they can take quite a bit of time, but as N. Eldon Tannershared in the 1974 solemn assembly, “but if we are in the frame of mind and spirit which we should be in, I am sure it will not be tedious.”
For a more detailed description of this process, check out “The Sustaining of President Harold B. Lee” on lds.org.
The First Solemn Assemblies
“Solemn assemblies were restored in this dispensation as a part of the ‘restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by thy mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began’ (Acts 3:21),” Robert J. Norman, former director of the Tucson LDS Institute of Religion, explains, “In ancient Israel, these assemblies were held in connection with feasts, sacrifices, and the dedication of Solomon’s Temple. On these solemn occasions, Israel gathered and came before the Lord in a state of ritual holiness.”
However, in modern times, the first mention of a solemn assembly came with the Kirtland Temple and can be found in Doctrine and Covenants 88:68–70:
“Therefore, sanctify yourselves that your minds become single to God, and the days will come that you shall see him; for he will unveil his face unto you, and it shall be in his own time, and in his own way, and according to his own will. Remember the great and last promise which I have made unto you; cast away your idle thoughts and your excess of laughter far from you. Tarry ye, tarry ye in this place, and call a solemn assembly, even of those who are the first laborers in this last kingdom.”
During the 1994 solemn assembly, Elder David B. Haight of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles talked more in depth about what a solemn assembly is and the sacredness of such a momentous gathering:
“The first solemn assembly was held in the Kirtland Temple on March 27, 1836. Following the voting procedure that I described, the Prophet Joseph Smith recorded, ‘I prophesied to all, that inasmuch as they would uphold these men in their several stations, . . . the Lord would bless them; . . . in the name of [Jesus] Christ, the blessings of heaven should be theirs’ (History of the Church, 2:418).”
Solemn assemblies have been called on other occasions since then:
- In 1832, a solemn assembly was held to establish the School of the Prophets (Joseph Smith Papers).
- A solemn assembly was held in 1835 to vote on a new book of scripture, which we now call the Doctrine and Covenants (Church history manual).
- The year 1836 marked a solemn assembly held in the newly dedicated Kirtland Temple, introducing the temple endowment. This solemn assembly had been preceded by other preparatory solemn assemblies and was intended to be the beginning of an annual solemn assembly at the temple, but once access to the Kirtland Temple was lost, the Saints waited until 1841 when the Nauvoo Temple was completed to hold another solemn assembly (Joseph Smith Papers).
- A solemn assembly was held in 1899 in the Salt Lake Temple for general authorities and representatives from all the stakes and wards in the Church. Here they unanimously agreed to “accept the doctrine of tithing, as now presented by President Snow, as the present word and will of the Lord unto us” (Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Lorenzo Snow, Chapter 12).
Solemn Assemblies to Sustain a New Prophet
Concerning solemn assemblies held to sustain a new prophet, in 1986, President Hinckley shared a few details about the first solemn assembly of this kind:
“Dating from October 10, 1880, when John Taylor was sustained to succeed Brigham Young as prophet, seer, revelator, and President of the Church, each such occasion has been designated a formal Solemn Assembly of the body of the Church to express the voice of the Church.”
According to former Church Historian and Recorder Elder Marlin K. Jensen in a 2008 Liahona article, solemn assemblies to sustain a new prophet began being held in the Salt Lake Tabernacle in 1880 with the third president of the Church and continued there until the construction of the Conference Center. Prior to this time, Joseph Smith and Brigham Young were sustained in the Kirtland Temple in 1836 and in the Kanesville Tabernacle in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in 1847, respectively.
Participation in early solemn assemblies was limited to those who were physically in attendance. Those in attendance would sit with other quorum members and stand as a group when called upon to do so. But as radio and television became a feasible way to allow more members to participate from other places, such as stake centers, members began being asked to participate in the sacred process while stake presidencies observed nearby. By 1945, Church members were also watching from home and began to be invited to participate in the sustaining vote wherever they were watching.
President Hinckley explained another change in 1986:
“We have now reached a point where many times the number seated in the Tabernacle are assembled in other church halls across the United States and Canada, as well as in other parts of the world. Furthermore, many are seated in their homes, listening to the conference. All of you, wherever you may be, are invited to participate in this solemn and sacred undertaking when we sustain a new President of the Church together with other officers. In these present circumstances, it is considered unfeasible to seat by quorums those assembled in the Tabernacle and the many other halls. We shall, however, vote by quorums and groups. Wherever you are, you are invited to stand when requested and express by your uplifted hands whether you choose to sustain those whose names will be put before you.
“General Authorities assigned to the Assembly Hall on Temple Square will observe the voting in that gathering. In stake centers, a member of the stake presidency will observe the voting and advise us of any negative votes.”
President Monson was the first prophet to be sustained in a solemn assembly at the Conference Center.
Temple Dedication Solemn Assemblies
As Elder David B. Haight explained, one of the uses of a solemn assembly is to dedicate a temple. In fact, the very first temple dedication of this dispensation clearly identifies the meeting as a solemn assembly:
“And now, Holy Father, we ask thee to assist us, thy people, with thy grace, in calling our solemn assembly, . . .
“That thy glory may rest down upon thy people, and upon this thy house, which we now dedicate to thee, that it may be sanctified and consecrated to be holy, and that thy holy presence may be continually in this house” (D&C 109:10, 12. Dedication of the Kirtland Temple in 1836).
In this meeting, Joseph Smith and other Church leaders were sustained, and the occasion was marked with the now-familiar Hosanna Shout (Doctrine and Covenants and Church History Gospel Doctrine Teacher’s Manual, Lesson 18).
When the Salt Lake Temple was constructed, two of the upper floors were dedicated to a massive assembly room for such sacred meetings. It was in this room that hundreds of Saints gathered for the dedication of the Salt Lake Temple. While this is not a standard room in every temple, several temples—including the Los Angeles, Washington, and Manti temples—have a similar “solemn assembly” room.
No matter the place or reason, participation in a solemn assembly is considered a very special, sacred experience. As you participate in the solemn assembly to sustain President Russell M. Nelson this weekend, remember that it is a sacred privilege and part of a beautiful historic tradition of supporting and sustaining our Church leaders.